| Poet, activist and educator, Dennis Brutus was born of South African coloured parents in Rhodesia and grew up in Dowerville, Port Elizabeth. He graduated from Fort Hare in 1947 and went on to work as a teacher and writer in Port Elizabeth for 14 years. He began his law studies at the University of the Witwatersrand were he also became active in the National Union of South African Students. He was convicted of violating his ban and sentenced to 18 months on Robben Island. In 1965, after his release he was placed under house arrest. In 1966 he left South Africa for London on an exit permit and a key figure in efforts to exclude South Africa from international sport. A poet and an eloquent speaker, he has written many articles and several books of poetry. In 1971 he became professor of English at North-Western University in the United States.